Wired Devices - Overview of Operation

Modes of Operation

Digital Matter devices revolve around the concept of 'a Trip' for their tracking, and there are several ways you can commence and end a trip. There are multiple methods of beginning and ending trips; Emulated, Wired, Run detect, Jostle mode and transported trips.

Defaults

All wired devices are set up for Wired ignition and Emulated ignition by default. So this means if there is no physical ignition connected, trips are still tracked. 

 Battery Powered Devices

For battery powered device overview of operations click here


Wired Ignition

On our powered devices with a physical ignition wire G60/62, G100/120, Dart/Dart2, Wired ignition is set up by default for the white ignition wire to set the ignition bit (Digital Input 0, DI0) and start a trip. The Eagle and Falcon units can also use a Digital Input as an Ignition wire to simulate this action.

When over 5V is applied to the ignition wire, the device will begin a trip. It will upload on the beginning of a trip, and turn on the GPS and Cellular modem. It will remain on and upload according to the Logging Parameters.


Emulated Ignition (Movement Based):

(All powered devices)

This mode works in a similar way to "Standard GPS Tracking" on our battery powered devices.

  • The device waits in a low power sleep state for accelerometer activity.
  • Once woken, it checks the GPS for movement over a period of a few seconds. 
  • If the GPS shows movement over the start threshold, a trip is started, and the the ignition bit (DI0) is set to Active.
  • If this is not the case, the device then resumes sleeping, with both the GPS and mobile data off.
  • Once the asset has been stationary for some time, or the GPS signal has been lost for some time, the trip is ended, and a final upload is performed.

This is the primary method for detecting trips on the Bolt (as there is no ignition line). It also means trips where an asset is towed (and the engine is not run) can be detected. (See Transported Trips below).

The gory details:

Movement trip start behaviour is controlled by these parameters:

To begin a trip, the movement and speed thresholds are ANDed together. i.e. we must be over 150m from the start point AND travelling over 15km/h to begin a trip with the above parameters. So very slow moving assets ideally should just have physical ignition hard wired, or be sure to drop the speed threshold. 

>>Once woken, it checks the GPS for movement over a period of a few seconds.
In detail, this means that after some accelerometer activity is detected, the device keeps checking for movement until there has been no accelerometer activity for 36 seconds (hard coded), and no GPS movement for the Trip End Time (configurable).

The Movement Count means that we require this many fixes (the device gets a fix second by second) that all agree that the device is over the trip start movement and speed thresholds to begin a trip. Higher values means the device is more 'sure' that it is on the move, and there is less chance that a single erroneous fix will result in a false trip start. 


Run Detect

Run Detect will put the device into trip based upon changes in the external voltage. The assumption is that when the engine is turned on, the vehicle battery voltage will increase as the alternator is turned on to charge the battery. In many cases this will work well if a wired ignition is not available. However this assumption does not always hold true. The resting/running battery voltage of a vehicle can change over time, so the thresholds below may need to be adjusted. Modern vehicles are also smart enough to turn off the alternator when the battery is fully charged, and some even will turn off the engine when stopped at traffic lights. For this reason run detect is not foolproof.
Setup:
In OEM Server, Click on Parameters > System parameters and add the Run Detect tab.

High Voltage:
Set this number to be below the average voltage output when the engine is ON so the Run Detect is activated when the engine voltage crosses the value.
Low Voltage:
Set this number to be lower than the High Voltage value but higher than the average value when the engine is OFF so Run detect is deactivated when the voltage crosses the value.
Digital Input:
To have Run detect activate trip status, set the Digital Input to Ignition (0)
Start Time(s):
Amount of time for voltage to register over High Voltage i.e. engine to be running, before trip starts
End Time(s):
Amount of time after engine stops i.e voltage to cross Low Voltage for trip to end.


Transported Trips and Idling

If a physical ignition line is wired into a vehicle, it is possible to detect the difference between the device being used (i.e. engine on) and towed (on the move, but engine not running)
In most cases if an asset is going to be towed we do not want to increment run hours and odometer values. Settings for this use case are covered here: Transported Trips - Prevent Towing Incrementing Run Hours and ODO

Idling can be detected if the ignition is hard wired - as the device can detect the ignition line is active, but there is no GPS movement.


Multiple Trip Modes

By default, devices with an ignition input are set to start/stop trips based on both:

  • Ignition
  • Emulated Ignition (Movement Based)

This provides a good starting point as the device will detect movement if the ignition is not connected as well.
It is important to note however that if a trip starts via one method, it will only end via that method.
E.g. if an ignition trip starts, the device remains in trip until the ignition line goes low.


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